Sight is one of our most precious senses and your organs, the eyes, deserve special care. We offer you the best tips to keep it in optimal condition for many years.
1. When was the last time you went to the ophthalmologist?
If it’s been a few years now, you probably need one right away. It is advisable to carry out the first examination before the age of three to rule out refractive errors that can cause amblyopia or lazy eye, strabismus and different childhood or hereditary pathologies. Subsequently, it is recommended:
- a review at age 20,
- two revisions in the 1930s,
- one review every two to three years in the 1940s
- and every year or two starting at 65.
Remember that the early diagnosis of serious eye diseases such as glaucoma or macular degeneration can be treated effectively if they are detected early.
2. Protect your eyes from the sun.
The sun is a vital factor for your health, especially for the formation of vitamin D. However, it is also the most harmful external factor for your eyes. The sun causes allergic reactions of the ocular surface, keratitis in the cornea and has been shown to contribute to the development of cataracts and senile macular degeneration, among other diseases. Therefore, one of the best things you can do to keep your eyes healthy is to wear sunglasses that have 100% UV protection . Use them whenever you are outside and not only in summer, but especially in outdoor sports.
3. Special care if you wear contact lenses.
Without a doubt, they are a great aid to vision, but contact lenses should be used responsibly and always having a pair of correctly prescription glasses to alternate their use. This will allow your cornea and conjunctiva to recover from daily use. On the other hand, hygiene, frequent replacement and correct sterilization of your lenses , as well as their moderate use, will allow you to enjoy them for longer and healthier.
4. Lubricated eye, healthier eye.
As we age we can experience the symptoms of dry eye, especially itching, stinging, foreign body sensation and photophobia with a reddened appearance. This is due to the fact that the tear film has lost its consistency to protect and nourish the cornea and conjunctiva from external and microbial agents. Most of the time it is due to the fact that its composition in percentage of mucus, fat and water is altered, which leads to an evaporation of the tear film leaving the eye unprotected. Some frequent activities of your daily life such as the use of smartphones , tabletsand computers, driving, or simply watching television can make you need the regular use of artificial tears. Also avoid direct exposure of your eyes to hot or cold air conditioning in any circumstance.
5. Stop smoking.
Did you know that smoking increases the risk and accelerates the development of cataracts, senile macular degeneration and damages the macula and the optic nerve ? Not only is lung cancer an important reason to quit smoking; your eye health will greatly benefit.
6. Talk to your family.
Many eye conditions and diseases are inherited. If, for example, you are diagnosed with glaucoma or another eye disease, share that information with your parents, uncles, siblings and children, because some of them could be affected without knowing it and, as always in medicine, the sooner it is diagnosed, better it can be treated by your ophthalmologist.
7. Take care of yourself, in general.
We already know that eating healthy, for example fruits and vegetables instead of processed foods or with excess fat, helps your health in general, but especially it provides vitamins and minerals that will have a very positive effect on your eye health. Having healthy lifestyle habits, such as doing physical exercise, for example, increases blood circulation in our retina and can lower intraocular pressure , which specifically helps in glaucoma patients. Also, general and regular check-ups can lead to the early detection of diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, rheumatic diseases or other systemic diseases that, if not detected, can lead to serious vision problems and, sometimes, irreversible effects.
8. At work.
If you work in construction, in factories with manufactured products or any type of machinery that emits particles or high light intensity, you must wear eye protection glasses that meet the optimal standards of safety and hygiene at work. If you work with computers, read below.
9. Use of screens.
Computers do not cause blindness, but they do cause a series of discomfort and discomfort to vision . One of them is the excess in the time of effort to the vision of near (excess of the accommodation) that can hinder the correct approach, reason why it is highly recommended the use of the near graduation for a better visual comfort. Another important consequence of prolonged care is the decrease in blinking, which leads to evaporation of the tear film and, therefore, sustained redness and irritation. If you are a regular user of screens in your work, remember that the regular use of artificial tears will make your vision more comfortable.
10. Vitamin .
We know from our ancestors that carrots are good for the eyes because they contain vitamin A that our retina needs, but we should not obsess over it because in our environment it is very difficult to have deficiencies in this vitamin. On the other hand, green leafy vegetables like kale and spinach as well as blueberries are rich in lutein which, according to some studies, can reverse the symptoms of macular degeneration. Fatty acids like omega-3s from fish and olive oil have also been shown to help prevent dry eye syndrome and senile macular degeneration.
Avoid as much as possible processed or packaged foods that almost always contain vegetable oils with omega-6 acids that will counteract the positive effects of good omega-3 fatty acids.
All this, as always, under medical supervision .
You have doubts? Put them up in the comments and we will gladly answer you.
The purpose of this blog is to provide health information that, in no case, replaces the consultation with your doctor. This blog is subject to moderation, so that offensive, advertising comments, or comments that are not considered appropriate in relation to the topic covered by each of the articles are excluded from it.